For private car passengers

private car passengers Wait until the car has stopped before getting in or out. Where possible get in or out on the pavement or side of the road. You must not open the door in a manner that puts anyone into danger. Do not impede pedestrians. Do not leave the door open.

If it is necessary to get out onto the roadway then do not open the car door until it is safe to do so. Ask the driver to help. Watch out particularly for cyclists. Open the door a little, look all around, particularly behind, and listen. When there is no traffic then get out, stand by the car and close the door quickly. Look all around again and when there is no traffic near, walk around the car to the pavement or the side of the road.

Where possible sit in a seat provided with a seat belt and wear it. All passengers must always wear seat belts, if fitted. Do not distract the driver while he is driving, or touch any of the controls, door handles or locks. Do not throw anything out of the window or put out an arm or your head.


Seat belts

using seat belts If you are sitting in the front seat or middle front seat of a private car, taxi, light bus or goods vehicle, you must wear a seat belt, if fitted. The driver is responsible to make sure you wear a seat belt.

The seat belt must be worn properly -- it must securely fasten you to your seat. You must not share the seat belt with another person at the same time.

If you are sitting in a rear seat and there is a seat belt available - wear it.

If you are sitting in the rear seat of a private car, you are by law required to wear a seat belt, if fitted. Child passenger aged 2 or less taking a rear seat of a private car should use an approved child restraint.

Wearing a seat belt can reduce your chance of death or injury by more than half. Seat belts are very effective in reducing the impacts of accidents occurring even at quite low speeds.

( For more information on seat belts see page 38. For rules and advice for child passengers see page 121.)


  • Airbags provide supplementary protection, but cannot replace the seat belt.
  • Airbags can help reduce injuries in case of accident. Airbags can cushion your head and upper body from striking the dashboard. However, airbags inflate very fast and with great force. If you are too close to an inflating airbag, you could be seriously hurt.
  • Airbags need space for inflating. So, ensure there is a good distance between yourself and the airbag outlet. Do not sit or lean unnecessarily close to the airbag outlet.

( For more information on airbags see page 40.)