Approach junctions with great care. Consider your road position and your speed. Drive on only when you are sure it is safe to do so and that you will not block the junction. Look out for long vehicles turning left or right which may have to use the whole width of the road in order to make the turn.

When waiting to emerge at a junction do not assume that a vehicle coming from your right which is signalling with its left-hand direction indicator will turn left. Wait to make sure.

Give way to pedestrians crossing the road into which you are turning.

When approaching a major road give way to pedestrians crossing or waiting to cross.

You should give way to trams at junctions.

illustration Well before you turn left, use your mirror and give a left turn signal. Before and after the turn keep as close to the left as safety and the length of the vehicle will allow. Do not swing out to the right when making the turn. Make sure a cyclist or a motorcyclist is not coming from behind on your left.



Turning right from a wide road


Turning right from a narrow road

Well before you turn right, use your mirror to make sure you know the position and movement of Traffic behind you. When it is safe, give a right turn signal and take up position just left of the middle of the road or in the space marked for right-turning Traffic. If you can, leave room for other vehicles to pass on the left. Wait until there is a safe gap between you and any oncoming vehicle. Then make the turn, but do not cut the corner.
illustration A right turning lane with hazard warning areas to protect right turning Traffic

Turning right ( nearside to nearside )

When turning right at a junction where there is an oncoming vehicle also turning right, drive your vehicle so that you keep the oncoming vehicle to your left and pass in front of it ( nearside-to-nearside ) – unless Traffic signs and road markings indicate otherwise or nearside-to-nearside passing is impractical.

Before completing the turn look out for Traffic approaching as your view may be blocked by the other vehicle.

Junction ahead

Road Sign

Road Sign

Road Sign Advance direction sign



Road Sign Direction sign at the junction

Road Sign

Road Sign

Advance direction sign showing the junction layout – the more important the road from the junction the thicker the line on the sign. Warning of a junction ahead is often given by an advance direction sign or a warning sign. On main roads, major junctions have a rectangular-shaped advance direction sign some way before the junction. Some of these signs show a simple map of the junction layout. At the junction a pointed direction sign marks the turn. Warning sign – the priority through the junction is shown by the broader line. The symbol will vary for different junction layouts.





Road Sign

When coming to junctions, be guided by any lane indication arrows on the road or any signs. Think about which route you want to take and get into the appropriate lane. You must follow the direction given by the lane indication arrows for the lane in which you are driving. Do no change lanes suddenly or at the last moment. Traffic sign showing Traffic lanes for different movements at junction ahead

Road SignTurn right only illustration

At some junctions you may not be allowed to turn into or enter one of the roads. Illustrated are some prohibitory signs and examples of what you may do. You may only go in the directions shown.

Road Sign

An advance direction sign showing a prohibition at the junction ahead

Road Sign

You must turn left at the junction ahead

Road SignTurn left only illustration
Road SignAhead only illustration
Road SignNo left turn illustration
Road SignNo right turn illustration