Approach junctions with great care. Consider your road position and your speed. Drive on only when you are sure it is safe to do so and you will not block the junction. Look out for long vehicles turning left or right which may have to use the whole width of the road to make the turn.

When waiting to enter a junction, do not assume that a vehicle coming from your right which is signalling with its left direction indicator will turn left. Wait to make sure.

Give way to pedestrians crossing or waiting to cross the road at junctions.

Look out for trams at junctions.

Turning left

illustration

Well before you turn left, use your mirrors and give a leftturn signal. Before and after the turn keep as close to the left as safety and space will allow. Do not swing out to the right when making the turn. Make sure a cyclist or a motorcyclist is not coming from behind on your left. Look out for pedestrians suddenly coming out from pavement.

 

Turning right

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Turning right from a wide road
   
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Turning right from a narrow road

Well before you turn right, use your mirrors to make sure you know the position and movement of traffic behind you. When it is safe, give a right-turn signal and take up the position just left of the ʻcentre' line or in the space marked for right-turn traffic. If you can, leave room for other vehicles to pass on the left. Wait until there is a safe gap between you and any oncoming vehicle. Then make the turn, but do not cut the corner

   
illustration A right-turn lane formed with hatched markings to protect the right-turn traffic
illustration

Turning right (nearside-to-nearside)

When turning right at a junction where there is also an oncoming vehicle turning right, drive your vehicle so that you keep the oncoming vehicle to your left and pass in front of it (nearside-tonearside) - unless traffic signs and road markings indicate otherwise or nearside-tonearside passing is impractical.

Before conducting the turn, find a safe gap in the oncoming traffic and look out for oncoming traffic approaching from behind the opposite right turning vehicle, as your view may be blocked by it.

   
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Turning right (at a signalised junction with a right-turn pocket)

When turning right at a signalised junction with a right-turn pocket, you have to give way to the oncoming traffic. When the traffic light for you is green, you may proceed from the right-turn lane and wait inside the pocket for a safe gap between you and any oncoming vehicles. When waiting at the pocket, the traffic signals no longer apply to you. You should judge an enough safe space for you to pass and complete the turn if it is safe to do so.

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Road Sign

When coming to junctions, be guided by any lane indication arrows on the road or any signs. Think about which route you want to take and get into the appropriate lane. You must follow the direction given by the lane indication arrow for the lane in which you are driving after passing the transverse 'Stop' lines or 'Give way' lines. Do not change lanes suddenly or at the last moment. Traffic sign showing traffic lanes for different movements at junction ahead

Junction ahead

Road Sign

Road Sign

Advance direction sign showing the layout of the junction ahead - the more important the road from the junction, the thicker the line on the sign.

Road Sign

 Advance direction signs (Local destinations are shown in black on white.)

 

 

Road Sign Pointed direction sign at junction

Road Sign

Road Sign

Warning sign - the priority through the junction is shown by the broader line. The symbol will vary for different junction layouts.

Warning of a junction ahead is often given by an advance direction sign or a warning sign. On main roads, major junctions have a rectangularshaped advance direction sign some way before the junction. Some of these signs show a simple map of the junction layout. At the junction, a pointed direction sign marks the turn.

Road SignTurn right only illustration

At some junctions, you may not be allowed to turn into or enter one of the roads. Illustrated at the left side are some prohibitory signs (circular with red border) telling what you may not do. There are also mandatory signs (blue circular) and you may only go in the direction shown.

Road Sign

An advance direction sign showing ʻNo entryʼ at the junction ahead.

Road Sign

You must turn left at the junction ahead.

Road SignTurn left only illustration
Road SignAhead only illustration
Road SignNo left-turn illustration
Road SignNo right-turn illustration