Public transport

Give way to buses and minibuses waiting to move out from stops or stands if you can do so safely.

Try to give way to trams, particularly at junctions. Give trams plenty of room -- they cannot change direction to avoid you.

Taxis and minibuses

In the urban areas taxis and minibuses make up a large part of the traffic. When picking up or setting down passengers they are liable to stop suddenly or cut across traffic lanes. You should allow room for a taxi or minibus to move or stop unexpectedly, without having to brake suddenly yourself.

Large vehicles

Large vehicles, especially if they are long or articulated, cannot always keep within traffic lanes when turning. The drivers of large vehicles also have a restricted view to the rear and to the left of their vehicles.

At junctions, large vehicles may have to follow paths quite contrary to the normal traffic lanes and paths taken by other vehicles and the advice found in this chapter. A large vehicle may move to the right first when turning left, it may move into a right-hand lane or use the full width of the roadway.

When turning, the rear end of a long vehicle or trailer may swing into your path -- the rear end may swing out to the left if the vehicle is turning right. The rear of the vehicle may not follow the same path as the front of the vehicle.

Drivers of large vehicles may find it difficult to cross or turn right onto a dual carriageway without stopping in the gap in the central reservation. If a long vehicle has to stop in a gap that is too short then part of the vehicle will block or partly block some of the traffic lanes of the dual carriageway.

Drivers of large vehicles because of their limited view to the left and rear of their vehicles may not be able to see close to the vehicle on the left and to the rear on the left. The driver may have difficulty in deciding when it is appropriate and safe to move to the left when turning or changing lanes. If you get so close that you cannot see the driver¡¦s signals you may not get any warning.

At all times give large vehicles plenty of room to manoeuvre and be ready to stop. Do not overtake on the left particularly at junctions -- including the approach and exit -- or when the vehicle is slowing down -- the driver may be slowing down to turn left across your path. The larger and longer the vehicle the greater the hazards.

In urban areas access by large vehicles may be made difficult or impossible by parked or stopped vehicles. Park your vehicles so as not to obstruct the passage of all types of vehicles.

Vehicle markings

Vehicle markings

Marking on the rear of a medium or heavy goods vehicle or a large trailer

Vehicle markings

Marking on the rear of a vehicle, or combination of vehicles, longer than 13 metres

The markings illustrated may vary slightly in position or shape.



Animals Animals

Go slowly when driving past animals. Give them plenty of room and be ready to stop if necessary. Do not frighten them by sounding your horn or revving your engine. You must stop if requested to do so by a person in charge of animals other than household pets.